vaccine passport app

A vaccine passport app becoming the new norm post COVID?

Are you ready to move forward to the ‘new normal’?

With COVID-19 vaccines being rolled out universally, global economies are racing to return lives to normal. Though, at the current pace, it will take us years to fully immunize the human population against the COVID-19 virus. A sense of normalcy has started to seep into our lives – schools have resumed, global travel is operational, people are commuting to their offices, while small gatherings have become common.

However, a majority of airlines, governments, businesses, and schools are still considering how, and what will it take, to safely resume in-person operations. Due to the long-term reality of living within a pandemic, both public and private sectors are speeding ahead to create a source of recordkeeping for verifying an individual’s COVID-19 immunity.

What Is A Vaccine Passport App?

A vaccine passport is essentially a vaccine verification app that will carry your health information -primarily your coronavirus vaccination status. Most likely to become a prerequisite soon, a vaccine passport will be used for traveling internationally, participating in marathons, attending concerts, or for even visiting a movie theatre.

A solution of this nature allows people access to a secure, digital record of their COVID-19 vaccine – that can be stored on their smartphone. The entertainment and travel sectors, which have struggled to operate profitably while imposing social distancing regulations, are particularly interested in a method that can swiftly check who is or isn’t immunized. To add to this, according to a new survey conducted in the United States, roughly 76% of travelers aged between 45 and 54 years claimed to support vaccination passports. Meanwhile, approximately 41% of respondents aged 16 to 24 supported them.

Leveraging Blockchain Technology for A Vaccine Passport App

In an effort for reviving travel and for keeping infection risks under control, tech companies are now harnessing blockchain technology as a solution against counterfeit vaccine certificates. A distributed ledger technology, blockchain allows no personal data to be stored or shared publicly, instead just cryptographic proof that a person has been vaccinated is stored within the virtual ledger.

The overall idea is that you will be able to carry a QR code on your phone, most likely within a digital app, that can be scanned by venues or airlines, giving you the authentication to enter. The code should only contain pertinent information — in most scenarios, just a confirmation that you have been vaccinated with an approved vaccine within the appropriate time frame.

With global economies moving forward to the new normal, South Korea has now developed a vaccine passport ‘Green Pass’ – an app that will enable those who have been vaccinated to return to their pre-pandemic lifestyle. Not just South Korea, but countries, such as Israel, China & the European Union have also implemented or have begun to build their digital vaccine passport for enabling global travel.

How Important Is A Vaccine Passport App for Airlines?

After coming to a standstill during the pandemic, travel is likely to make a major comeback in 2021, once the COVID-19 vaccine becomes widely distributed. The International Air Transport Association, an airline trade association that represents 290 airlines globally, is currently in the final stages of creating a digital COVID-19 vaccine passport for travelers. Labeled as the IATA Travel Pass, the digital health document will offer travelers a method to get a certification of things like their vaccination status and COVID-19 test results from medical facilities. This critical information can then be shared with border authorities or airlines.

Given that health is a top priority, digital vaccine passports are likely to become a requirement for travel, both domestic and international. A variety of factors make digital vaccine passports essential for air travel – these factors include passengers breathing in circulated air, the proximity of passengers, etc.

A Recently Launched Digital Vaccine Passport – New York’s Excelsior Pass

The state of New York has developed a health passport app to restore normal life, enabling people to upload vaccine cards or negative test results to access venues and events. Developed by IBM, New York’s ‘Excelsior Pass’ is a simple digital app that can be accessed on mobile devices. This vaccine passport app holds a handful of items: your birth date, your name, a QR code, a green checkmark, and when the time passport expires. A measure for reducing risk in social gatherings, such an app can prove to be instrumental in containing the spread of the virus.

The Existing Vaccine Passports – IBM Clear, Common Pass, & Green Pass

A channel for paving the pathway to more mainstream options, IBM’s Digital Health Pass is designed to provide organizations with a sensible way to bring people back to a physical location, such as an airline flight, school, stadium, or workplace. Built on IBM’s blockchain technology, the health passport app is created to enable organizations to verify health credentials for visitors, customers, and employees.

Similarly, the ‘Common Pass’ health app enables users to document and share their vaccination history and COVID-19 testing status. The app verifies that an individual’s vaccination records or lab test results come from a trusted source. This digital vaccine passport is a collaboration between the Commons Project Foundation, a nonprofit public trust, and The World Economic Forum, an international organization for public-private cooperation.

The Data Conflict – How Do These Apps Handle Sensitive Information?

In the past, tech companies have not always been the most responsible with user information, which is why developers have to work hard to overcome an established trust void. Ultimately, user trust is critical for ensuring a digital vaccine passport’s use and success. This is why companies must be transparent about their privacy policies so that users can make an informed decision.

Digital Vaccine Passport – A Reason for Widening the Digital Divide?

At each stage, the pandemic has exposed inequities and disparities in our society, and vaccine passports may, unfortunately, perpetuate these problems. The opening up of economies after months of restrictions is well-received. However, there are concerns that benefits will be not distributed equally – leading certain groups to be disadvantaged.

Establishing a two-tier society, a vaccine passport may only allow some people to access employment, leisure opportunities, while others might continue to bear the brunt of global inequities. This form of a digital vaccine passport could further discriminate between people if apps exclude individuals who don’t own a smartphone. That said, faster, wider vaccination campaigns across social groups can ensure a whole community gains immunity – speeding up return to normal life.

Do You Want to Build A Digital Vaccine Passport App?

To return to pre-pandemic levels of travel, individuals need a verifiable method to document their health information as they begin to travel globally. With lockdowns ending, a health passport app has now become a need of the hour. An on-demand mobile app development agency, Mobinspire can build custom on-demand apps that are aligned with your requirements. Based in California, we have been developing, testing, deploying, and maintaining mobile applications for over a decade now.

We are known for overcoming technical challenges, spearheading innovative initiatives, and eliminating organizational inefficiencies. Harnessing a comprehensive methodology, we hope to bridge the gap between our clients and their goals. Known for our experience, expertise, and technical proficiency, our team is well-versed with building apps. So, if you wish to build a digital vaccine passport, get in touch with us.

How Blockchain Helps In Securing Internet Of Things?

A report by Fortune Business Insights indicates that the global market of IoT is forecasted to reach $ 1.11 trillion by 2026 at 24.7% compound annual growth rate (CAGR). IoT is getting a boom in the software industry and a lot of applications are introducing day by day that is helpful in our everyday life.

Internet of Things (IoT) is providing competitive advantage for businesses in current and new markets as a wide variety of advanced technologies are enabling the accomplishment of desired tasks. IoT has changed things and revolutionizing the tech industry by introducing advanced systems. Protecting data and privacy is equally important and is a big concern for companies that can be achieved using Blockchain technology. It is a great achievement for securing IoT devices.

Managing information at all levels is complex because data will flow across many boundaries but Blockchain technology advancement has played its role in managing this problem effectively. Various technological components truly make the IoT ecosystem and it is good to consider the internet of things as a system of systems.
The architecting of these systems provide business value to organizations that include applications, protocols, and analytics capabilities that make up a fully functioning IoT system. The complexity for ensuring security in the IoT industry has become possible using Blockchain technological advancement.

The Blockchain Approach:

Blockchain technology that underpins bitcoin has emerged as an object of intense interest in the tech industry and beyond. Blockchain technology offers a secure way of recording the transactions or any digital interaction with the help of their transparent, secure, and highly efficient system.

It carries the possibility of disrupting the industry by enabling new business models to achieve new heights of success. The technology is advancing rapidly and creating positive impacts by making businesses more secure and functional.

Blockchain:

Blockchain is capable of maintaining the continuous growing set of data records. The nodes included in it have a copy of the chain that is ever-growing. Data records are added to the chain. A Blockchain consists of two types of elements. One is transaction and other is blocks record. Transactions are created by the participants and blocks record these transactions and make sure that they are in the correct sequence without any tampered data. Blocks also keep a record of the transactions.

Advantages of Blockchain:

The great benefit of Blockchain is that it is public and everyone participating can see the blocks and the transactions stored in them. However, actual content is protected by your private key.

In the Blockchain, there is no single authority that can approve the transactions or set specific rules to have transactions accepted showing a huge amount of trust in this technology as all the participants in the network have to reach a consensus to accept transactions. The database can only be extended and previous records cannot be changed or a very high cost need to be paid for it.

The functioning of Blockchain:

A Blockchain is a cloud-based database shared by every participant in a given system. In this example, it is a currency trade containing the complete transaction of the cryptocurrency or other record-keeping in other applications. Consider it as a cloud-based peer to peer ledger.

How Blockchain Works

It is illustrated in the above diagram and its explanation is available too:
1. Jayden wants to send money to Smith
2. A block is created showing the transaction.
3. The block is shown to every party in the network.
4. Participants of the network approve the transaction and validate it
5. The block is then added to the chain which provides a permanent and transparent record of the transaction.
6. Smith receives the money from Jayden

When anyone wants to add a transaction to the chain then all the participants in the network will validate it. It is done by applying an algorithm to the transaction to verify its validity. Then it is up to a majority of participants to agree that the transaction is valid.

A set of approved transactions are then bundled in a block, which is sent to all the nodes in the network. They in response validate the new block. Every successive block contains a hash, which is a unique fingerprint of the previous block.

Types of Blockchain:

There are two main types of Blockchain:
1. A public Blockchain
2. A private Blockchain
In a public Blockchain, data is accessible to everyone. Some public Blockchain limit the access however, bitcoin allows the approach of writing to anyone.

In a private Blockchain, all the participants are trusted and known. This is helpful in a scenario when the Blockchain is used between the companies of the same entity.

The Blockchain and Internet of Things:

Blockchain technology has become an essential component in the IoT industry for scalability, privacy and reliability concerns in the world of IoT. Blockchain technology can be used in tracking the transactions processes and enable coordination between devices.

Blockchain technology eliminates every single point of failure creating a more reliable ecosystem for devices. The cryptographic algorithms used in the Blockchain make consumer data more private.

The ledger is ledger proof and unable to get malicious attacks as there is no single thread of communication that can be intercepted. Blockchain has proved its worth in the world of financial services through cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, ensuring guaranteed payment services without the need of third-party brokers.

The capabilities of the Blockchain make it an ideal component to become a fundamental part of IoT solutions. It is a fact that IoT technologies have become an early adopter of Blockchain.

Read Also: Impacts of Blockchain Technology

In an IoT network, the Blockchain can keep an immutable record of the history of smart devices. This feature enables the smooth functioning of smart devices. Blockchain opens the doors to a series of IoT scenarios that were remarkably difficult or even impossible to implement.

By leveraging the Blockchain, IoT solutions can enable secure and trustable messaging between devices in an IoT network. In this model, the Blockchain will treat message exchanges between devices similar to a financial transactions in a bitcoin network.

In this scenario, we can communicate regarding crop conditions detection with the irrigation system. Similarly, use of Blockchain technology will enable autonomous smart devices to exchange data or even execute financial transactions without the involvement of a centralized broker.

We can visualize smart devices in a manufacturing plant that can autonomously place orders for repairing without human intervention. Similarly, smart vehicles in a truck fleet will be able to provide a complete report of the parts needing replacement after reaching a workshop.

One of the most wonderful features of the Blockchain is the ability to maintain a trusted ledger of all transactions occurring in a network. Blockchain capabilities are significant to enable regulatory requirements of industrial IoT applications without the need of involving a centralized model.

We offer Blockchain app development solutions in a wide variety of applications. If you are looking for the Blockchain applications development company, Contact us today.

Blockchain in transportation

Impact of Blockchain in Transportation Industry

Blockchain continues to remain a buzzword in technology circles. In the past couple of years, however, it started to find its practical implementation as well. The companies providing Blockchain and the ones incorporating it remained highly successful. Logistics and transportation industry is one of the primary beneficiaries with major players taking part.

This article reveals the ways in which Blockchain in transportation would be very fruitful. Later, it shares some of the notable case studies reflecting the degree of success. The following brief introduction to the technology is optional.

What is Blockchain Technology?

Unlike the widespread belief, Blockchain is not merely the alternative for traditional money transaction schemes. Instead, it is a platform using which businesses can replace the traditional methods of online payments. The replacement of these methods is only a use case of Blockchain. The technology has the potential to entirely redefine transport management for increasing efficiency, reducing operational time, and augmenting the profit margins.

Blockchain uses the concept of distributed ledger. In essence, the information is stored in a series of virtual blocks. Each new block connects to the previous one with a cryptographic hash. Apart from hash, every block contains transaction data along with timestamp to ensure chronological order of chain.

The data stored in blocks is immutable. This implies that the data once updated on a block cannot be changed. Thus, each transaction gets stored in a separate block whose content are not modifiable. SHA-256 is one of the most common hashing schemes.

The immutability feature follows from the fact that the longest blockchain is the most valid one. This longest change rule ensures that any individual trying to fork the chain somewhere in the middle and connecting it to another chain would have smaller resultant chain. Thus, the preference would still be given to longest chain.

Besides, any new chain with same transactional data would still be invalid because the hash ID would not be recognized by rest of the nodes. Therefore, it is practically impossible to tamper the details on blocks making Blockchain technology an impregnable one.

Blockchain in transportation and logistics

Although the possibilities are unbounded when it comes to applying Blockchain in transportation industry, yet following are some of the use cases which have already been proved successful.

Instant Payment Verification

Transaction in cryptocurrency is one of the many use cases of Blockchain. Bitcoin presents an instance. Unlike traditional banking where transactions are monitored centrally, Bitcoin is distributed. Each of the users with transaction records in a chain is able to view each block containing transaction details.

The sender can use blockchain as a proof that transaction was made while receiver can verify if the transaction is valid or not. In contrast, the traditional business method often runs in monetary disputes. Research indicates that up to $140 billion worth of payments disputes hit transportation industry every day.

Apart from verification of transaction, the fault tolerance ability ensures that the Blockchain never goes down. If one of the nodes with access to Blockchain is unavailable, the blocks are still accessible from rest of the nodes. The only way that a payment remains unverified at a given time would be the event where each node goes down, which is close to impossible.

Smart Contracts with Blockchain

It takes days and, at times, months to complete payments and the associated paper work in a transaction. Companies have to involve third party contractors who act as middlemen in streamlining the transaction process. The cost of operations surges further when acquire these middlemen.

Smart contracts eliminate the requirement to keep third parties and automate the process of payments. Both parties including sender and receiver prefix the terms for transaction and program the Blockchain in such a way that payments are performed as soon as receiving party receives the shipment.

Smart contracts are successful because both parties have an increased level of trust through this transparent transaction scheme. Each operation progresses instantaneously since immutable ledger denies any tampering and, hence completing the task without delays at any point.

Goods Tracking

One of the most crucial applications of Blockchain technology in transportation is the ability that it provides to track goods. In a traditional setting, counterfeiting of products is very common because retailers and end users are unable to verify the authenticity of items. Drug counterfeiting alone is inflicting a loss of over $200 billion annually to pharmaceutical industry.

Research reveals that 3.16% of total drugs produced are counterfeited resulting in substandard products. Furthermore, the reports from Asia, are more alarming with India alone having 25% of counterfeited drugs.
The application of Blockchain allows retailers and users to verify the origin of a drug. Since the original manufacturer develops its unique hash, the regulators can identify if a product belongs to original manufacturer or not.

Food safety is one of the chief concerns in the world today. The United States alone suffers $15.6 billion loss due to foodborne diseases. Like drugs, Blockchain helps consumers in tracing the origin of three meals they take each day.

Also Read: Application of Blockchain Technology in Healthcare

Inefficiency in Load Management

One of the biggest challenges in trucking industry is to make the appropriate number of trucks available for distribution of goods. Fleet owners are frequently running into losses as most of the space remains empty in some trucks whereas others run out of space. As per American trucking Association, 90 percent of the worldwide trucking companies have six trucks or fewer. This problem results in either empty or partially-filled containers of trucks.

Blockchain can resolve this challenge by creating an excessive amount of trust among carriers and shippers. Besides, the trucking companies can collaborate with each other as well to develop a mutually beneficial relationship. The growing number of members of Blockchain in Transport Alliance (BiTA) is a highly encouraging factor and reflects that Blockchain will have a crucial say in future trucking.

Notable Case Studies for Blockchain in Transportation Industry

Although Blockchain is still in its rudimentary stages, yet a number of companies of all sizes is starting to implement the technology. Three of the most notable case studies are as under.

Walmart

In collaboration with IBM, Walmart is revolutionizing its supply chain management. The retail giant made essential for its suppliers to push each transactions on Blockchain. This practice creates an incredible amount of transparency, enabling consumers to verify the origin of each purchased item.

Previously, the company had to wait for seven days to verify the origin in case any doubt occurred regarding the authenticity of a retail product. In one such events where unhygienic lettuce resulted in a disease outbreak, the subsequent investigation took months before experts could trace the origin of problem. The incorporation of Blockchain reduced the time significantly to only 2.2 seconds.

TradeLens

This Blockchain solution developed by IBM in collaboration with Maersk – world’s leading shipping company – is providing a transaction platform for shippers and carriers. According to Maersk official reports, more than 100 supply chain operators are using this platform.

This Blockchain platform is one of its types and its success indicates that such solutions offer huge business opportunities. TradeLens is currently inviting large-scale shippers. Any investment in Blockchain for small scale businesses would be highly effective.

Batavia

It is a collaboration of five banks with a technological support from IBM resulting in a revamp of global trade finance. Batavia enables an automated and highly transparent transaction records for transportation through land, air, and sea routes. Besides assisting business owners and banks, Batavia is also helping insurance agents, operators, and consumers in eliminating the tedious and time consuming paper work.

What are you trying to accomplish?

Do you wish to take the leverage of Blockchain for your business? Is there a Blockchain-based startup idea in your mind? Mob Inspire is helping entrepreneurs in establishing startups for over a decade. Besides, our experts assist businesses in restructuring their corporate architecture, mobility, and tech infrastructure. Contact us today with your business problem and we will assist you in effectively solving it.

Blockchain technology in healthcare

Application of Blockchain Technology in Healthcare

The vulnerabilities of traditional database systems resulted in a decade of unending data breaches and the consequent financial losses. Fortunately, blockchain has emerged as a successful technology in ensuring data security. With an impressive CAGR of 64%, blockchain technology in healthcare is to set to reach $5.6 billion of market value by 2025.

What is blockchain technology?

Initially emerged as an alternative for traditional online payment methods, blockchain brings excessive transparency and security in data storage. This technology provides a way to store data in a dynamic collection of blocks. Each new block connects to the previous one making an unending chain.

Each stakeholder with access to the chain can view the information stored in blocks. However, information is immutable. In essence, the data in blocks is represented by hashes which disallow modifications. Thus, unlike traditional databases in hospitals, banks, and other institutions, there is no centralized authority in the blockchain.

Although blockchain can also be public, as in the case of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, yet healthcare requires private blockchain. In this approach, the blocks are accessible to only a limited number of people and groups associated with the department. Every node in the chain takes part in decision making. Thus, a modification in any block will require approval from all nodes.

Another factor making blockchain crucial for healthcare is its high degree of fault tolerance. Since this information storage scheme follows distributed rather than a centralized approach, the information will be accessible even if multiple nodes are down or unavailable.

Some businesses are also trying to utilize blockchain as an analytics platform and to address large storage issues. However, the technology proved its mettle the most in ensuring data security since its advent in 2009.

Use of Blockchain Technology in Healthcare

Blockchain is a horizontal innovation technology which implies that it is applicable in many disparate industries. Logistics and delivery industry and banking sector are a couple of examples. However, healthcare is one of the top beneficiaries of this technology.

Prevention of Drug Counterfeiting

Counterfeiting is at the core of issues regarding healthcare in general and pharmaceutical industry in particular. This illegal market is generating revenue of over $200 billion a year. Fake drugs are not only causing a massive financial loss to registered drug manufacturers.

It is also wreaking havoc with the public’s health. WHO confirms that 15-20% of fake drugs lack either correct constituents or appropriate percentage of ingredients.

The application of blockchain is significant in drug traceability because it eliminates every possibility of data tampering. The technology allows drug manufacturers to generate an immutable hash.

This unique hash ID enables retailers, and hence patients, to distinguish the original product from counterfeited ones. Thus, a blockchain dedicated to drug manufacturers can serve as a certificate of legitimation for pharmaceutical companies.

Patient Data: Management and Processing

The arrival of electronic patient record (EPR) two decades back apparently brought great relief to healthcare departments. However, hackers soon started to exploit the vulnerabilities in these centralized systems.

The ransomware attacks of May 2017 fueled the need for blockchain technology in the healthcare industry. This intrusion managed to encrypt and modify millions of records in over 150 countries.

Consequently, the national health services (NHS) of the UK alone suffered approximately £92 million. With such humongous losses, the governments are ensuring to make quick and flexible blockchain regulations.

Blockchain technology in healthcare enables practitioners to store data in blocks and associated a hash ID with it. This ID allows easy retrieval of data and makes the block tamperproof.

One of the most attractive features of block technology in healthcare is the transparency of records. Patients decide about who should view personal information. Moreover, the authorized individuals cannot share the data with anyone sans permission from the patient.

Permissions for Clinical Trials

Research and practical implementations are part and parcel of healthcare. All of the medical breakthroughs would have been impossible if experiments of drugs on humans were disallowed. The return on investment of manufacturing companies depends on the outcome of experimentation. Thus, many companies tilt the outcome in their favor by manipulating with records.

Blockchain prevents such manipulations. It uses smart contracts to sanction the permission for acquiring patient’s record or using a patient for experimentation. Since blockchain is a network of participating computers, one cannot change any dataset without the consent of majority of nodes in the network. This network also includes patient and healthcare regulators.

Studies indicate that the percentage of unreported clinical trials in Europe was as high as 90%. Blockchain limits the access to retrieval and modification of data. Only the authorized personnel can access while others can request for gaining permission.

Simplifying Telemedicine

Patients demonstrate trust deficit while dealing with the traditional healthcare system. They often complain of getting surcharged and lengthy procedure to meet prerequisites.

Blockchain addresses this challenge by providing the ability to generate smart contracts. This term often misleads because such a contract is not a digital document. Instead, it defines a code which suggests the terms of interaction and data use between various stakeholders.

Explore Blockchain Solutions by Mob inspire

The enforcement of smart contracts depends on the consensus of majority of stakeholders. Therefore, a contract comes into practice as soon as more than 50% of authorized users of blockchain agree and terms.

Blockchain healthcare startups including Zenome and HIT Foundation provide smart contracts to legitimize the process of research using patient’s history.

Blockchain for Your Business

Benefits of blockchain technology in healthcare are evident from both business value and facilitation of patients. The factors of transparency and excessive data security make it inevitable for health industry.

This is why governments are actively participating in developing a regulatory framework. The regulations for blockchain are far less rigid so that more entrepreneurs can be encouraged to invest in this sector.

Mob Inspire is assisting companies for over a decade in streamlining their businesses. We carry the privilege of successfully growing multiple startups and pulling struggling enterprises out of crises. Contact us today so that we can discuss the opportunities of growing together.